Book Description and Author Biographies
Popular perception holds that presidents act “first and alone,” resorting to unilateral orders to promote their agenda and head off unfavorable legislation. Little research, however, has considered the diverse circumstances in which such orders are issued. The Dual Executive: Unilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System reinterprets how and when presidents use unilateral power by illuminating the dual roles of the president. Drawing from an original data set of over 5,000 executive orders and proclamations, this book situates unilateral orders within the broad scope of executive-legislative relations. Michelle Belco and Brandon Rottinghaus shed light on the shared nature of unilateral power by recasting the executive as both an aggressive “commander” and a cooperative “administrator” who uses unilateral power not only to circumvent Congress but also to support and facilitate its operations.
- Belco, Michelle and Brandon Rottinghaus, The Dual Executive: Unilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System, Stanford University Press forthcoming.
- Belco, Michelle, “Presidential Unilateral Orders: Policymaking Tool,” 2015, Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Policy
- Belco, Michelle, “Presidential Policymaking: Discretion and the Execution of Law,” 2015, Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Policy
- Belco, Michelle and Brandon Rottinghaus, “In Lieu of Legislation: Executive Unilateral Preemption or Support During the Legislative Process,” Political Research Quarterly, Volume 67, No. 2, June 2014, 413-425
- Belco, Michelle and Brandon Rottinghaus, “Presidential Proclamation 6920: Using Executive Power to Set a New Direction for the Management of National Monuments,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Volume 39, No. 3, September 2009, 605-618
- Belco, Michelle, “Teaching the Presidency: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Election,” Presidents & Executive Politics (PEP) Report, Section of the American Political Science Association, Fall 2012
- Belco, Michelle and Elizabeth Rigby, “Providing Public Goods: Alternative Policy Approaches,” Chapter in The People and American Government, Volume II. 2009, New York: Pearson Custom Publishing
- Belco, Michelle and Elizabeth Rigby, “Providing Public Goods: Alternative Policy Approaches,” Chapter in American Democracy Now (4th Ed), New York: McGraw Hill Custom E-Book Publishing, 2015.
Work In Progress
- Checks and Balances on Presidential Power: Congressional Response to Executive Orders, Book Manuscript
- "The Federalism Regime of State Immigration Laws"
- Immigration Reform and the Partisan Divide, Coauthored Book Manuscript with Jennifer Clark and Savannah Sipole
- “Executive Orders and the President’s Agenda”
- “Implementing Executive Orders: Bargaining Inside the Obama Administration”